The European Union considers Guidance as a continuous process that allows people, throughout their lives:
Guidance includes individual or collective activities of information, consultation, skills assessment, support and teaching of skills necessary for decision-making and career management.
The European Council invites the Member States to apply the following guiding principles in their respective guidance systems:
Career management skills (CMS) are those competencies that help people to identify their skills, develop professional learning goals and improve their personal and professional careers.Salto de línea Within these competencies we highlight:
Work on the development of career management skills can help individuals to:
Competent public administrations should design strategies and promote appropriate measures to ensure that, throughout life, individuals acquire these competences progressively and in accordance with their age, personal situation, interests and expectations.
All educational administrations have guidance services in the different stages of non-university education, both compulsory (Primary Education and Compulsory Secondary Education) and post-compulsory (Bachelor’s degree; VET; adult education and other training programmes aimed at students with specific difficulties due to the risk of early drop-out, special educational needs, etc.).
The intervention is organised by programmes, developing the different actions in three fundamental areas: attention to diversity and to the teaching-learning processes, support for the tutorial function and support in the development of the academic and vocational guidance plan.
Vocational guidance is carried out at the first level by all teaching staff: educational, academic and vocational guidance as an integral part of their teaching duties; and at a second level, by the specific guidance structures determined by each autonomous administration within the scope of its competences.
These specific guidance structures consist of guidance services, teams, units or departments made up of specialised teaching staff, which incorporate, together with the figure of the guidance counsellor, other professionals who help to meet the needs arising from the manifest diversity of abilities, conditions, behaviour or interests of pupils and to guarantee equal opportunities.
Vocational guidance is articulated through guidance and tutorial action plans and programmes that Pre-school and Primary Education Centres, Secondary Education Institutes and Integrated VET Centres develop through the action of the tutors, coordinated by the Head of Studies and with the specialised advice of the Guidance Teams and Departments that the Autonomous Communities, with competence in education, order with different types of regulations in each case.
These educational and vocational guidance plans and programmes are included in the Educational Project of the Centre and are updated annually through the Annual General Programme, which each educational centre draws up, develops and evaluates, in accordance with the annual Instructions on organisation and operation issued for this purpose by each educational Administration.
Vocational Guidance in the Employment System is framed by its normative formulation through the Common Portfolio of Services of the National Employment System and the Technical Reference Guide for the development of its Protocols, as well as by the annual planning carried out in the Annual Employment Policy Plans (PAPE).
The Public Employment Services, in the employment offices, offer a portfolio of Information and Professional Guidance services whose organisation is based fundamentally on the personalised approach of the services and on the implementation of individual and personalised employment itineraries. The aim of this service is to help users to improve their employability, promote their professional career and facilitate their recruitment or orientate them towards self-employment.
The basic instrument for understanding the context of vocational guidance in the labour market are the Annual Employment Policy Plans (PAPE) which, based on the collaboration of the SEPE with the Autonomous Communities, determine the services and programmes to be developed annually. The Autonomous Communities may choose to carry out state-level services and programmes regulated by current state regulations (common services and programmes) or to carry out their own active employment policy services and programmes, different from the above, adapted to the reality of the unemployed and the productive fabric of their territorial area.